Ciudades climáticamente sustentables en América Latina y el Caribe

Latin America and the Caribbean is the second most urbanized region in the world. 1 Eight out of ten people live in cities, which, globally, are responsible for between 60% and 80% of energy consumption and 70% of GHG emissions. 2 The lack of planning in urbanization processes fragments urban and peri-urban ecosystems, reducing their capacity to buffer the effects of climate change such as droughts, the increase in the frequency and intensity of floods, temperatures and extreme events such as hurricanes. In this context, cities have become centers of deep environmental degradation and concentration of vulnerability of their population. Cities are on the first line of action against climate change and have the opportunity to become key actors in meeting mitigation and adaptation goals, and to lead transformative action towards climate resilience.